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Read Cooley’s Cyclopaedia of Practical Receipts Volume Ii Part 58

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Water 5112 Fat 1211 Casein 1364 Milk sugar 2036 Ash 277 —— 10000

=Roses, Milk of.= _Syn._ LAC ROSae, L. _Prep._ 1. (English.)–_a._ Almonds (blanched), 1 oz.; oil of almonds and white soft soap, of each 1 dr.; rose water, 1 pint; make an emulsion.

_b._ From liquor of and oil of almonds, of each 1 fl. oz.; hot water, 2 fl. oz,; agitate together until mixed, then add of rose water and distilled or filtered soft water, of each 1/4 pint, and again agitate well.

_c._ As the last, but using half a tea-spoonful of salt of tartar for the liquor of

_d._ (Redwood.) Blanched almonds, 8 oz.; rose water, 3 pints; make an emulsion, add of white Windsor soap, white wax, and oil of almonds, of each 1/2 oz.; previously melted together by a gentle heat; triturate until united, and strain; lastly, add a solution of oil of bergamot, 1/2 oz.; oil of lavender, 1 dr.; and attar of roses, 1/2 dr.; (dissolved in) rectified spirit, 12 oz.

2. (FRENCH.)–_a._ From rose water, 1 quart; tinctures of benzoin and styrax, of each 1 fl. oz.; spirit of roses, 1/2 fl. oz.; rectified spirit, 1/2 fl. oz.; mix.

_b._ (Augustin.) Tincture of benzoin, 1/2 fl. oz.; liquor of carbonate of, 2-1/2 fl. dr.; rose water, 1/2 pint; agitate well together. As a lotion in acne.

_c._ (Gianinni.) Tincture of benzoin, 1 dr.; tincture of balsam of Peru, 20 drops; rose water, 1 pint; as the last.

_d._ (Schubarth.) Almond paste, 3 dr.; rose water, 1/2 pint; tincture of benzoin, 1/2 fl. oz. As before. The addition to the last 3 of a little rectified spirit is an improvement.

3. (GERMAN.) From dilute solution of diacetate of lead (Goulard water), and spirit of lavender, of each 1 fl. oz.; rose water, 6 fl. oz.; soft water, 1 pint.

_Obs._ All the above are used as cosmetic washes, and to remove scurf, pimples, and eruptions, in slight cases.

=Milk, Sa’go.= _Syn._ LAC SAGO, L. _Prep._ (Dr A. T. Thomson.) Sago, 1 oz.; cold water, 1 pint; macerate half an hour, pour off the water, add of milk, 1-1/2 pint, and boil slowly until the sago is dissolved. Very nutritious; also in lieu of arrow-root milk.

=Milk of Sulphur.= _See_ SULPHUR (Precipitated).

=Milk, Thick.= Mix one table-spoonful of flour with a pint of milk, and boil for ten minutes, stirring it well the whole time. It may be flavoured either with a little salt, or sugar.

=Milk, Vanil’la.= _Syn._ LAC VANILLae, L. _Prep._ 1. Essence of vanilla, 12 drops; lump sugar, 1 oz.; triturate, and add gradually, new milk, 1 pint.

2. (Beral.) Vanilla sugar, 1/2 oz.; milk, 16 oz.; dissolve.

=MILK FEVER.= _Syn._ FEBRIS LACTEA, L. A febrile condition of the system that sometimes occurs at the time the milk begins to be secreted after parturition. It often a.s.sumes a malignant character. See PUERPERAL FEVER.

=MIL’LET.= _Syn._ MILIUM, L. Several varieties of grain are known by this name. That commonly referred to under the name is the produce of _Panic.u.m miliaceum_ (‘Indian millet’). The husked seeds (MILIUM MUNDATUM) are used to make gruel, and are ground for flour. ‘Turkish millet,’ or ‘Guinea corn,’ is produced by _Sorgham vulgare_; and the ‘German’ and ‘Italian millet’ by species of _Setaria_. In some parts of the world millet flour is used for bread, but it is chiefly cultivated as food for domestic animals.

Letheby says millets are a little more nutritious than rice.

In the subjoined table, is given the composition of three different samples of millet meal, free from bran.

a kind of
Dharra of
the Arabs,
much used
Goar of
in India

under the
name of




[Footnote 40: With husks.]

=MINCE MEAT.= _Prep._ From stoned raisins, currants, sugar, and suet, of each 2 lbs.; sultana raisins and boiled beef (lean and tender), of each 1 lb.; apples 4 lbs.; juice of 2 lemons; the rind of 1 lemon, chopped very fine; mixed spice, 1/4 lb.; candied citron and lemon peel, of each 2 oz.; brandy, a gla.s.sful or two; the whole chopped very fine. It may be varied by adding other spice or flavouring, and by the addition of eggs, or the subst.i.tution of chopped fowl or veal for beef, according to the state of the cuisinier.

=MINCE PIES.= Take 3 apples, 3 lemons, 1 lb. of raisins, 3/4 lb. of currants, 1 lb. of suet, 1/4 lb. of raw beef, 2 lbs. of moist sugar, 1/4 lb. of mixed candied peel, 1/4 of a rind of a fresh orange, 1 teaspoonful of powdered mixed spice, composed of equal parts of cloves, cinnamon, and nutmeg, 1/2 pint of brandy, and 1 gla.s.s of port wine. Peel the apples and cut out the cores very carefully, and then bake the pieces until they are quite soft. The raisins must be carefully stoned, and the currants well washed, dried, and picked. Chop the suet very finely, as well as the raw meat and lemon-peel. Mix all the ingredients thoroughly together, add the brandy last of all, and press the whole down into a stone jar, and place a piece of paper soaked in brandy on the top. Remove the paper and stir up the mixture thoroughly every three days, replacing the paper. If this is done the mincemeat will keep a long time. To make the pies, roll out some thin puff-paste, b.u.t.ter a small round tin, and line it with a piece of paste, then put in a generous quant.i.ty of the mincemeat, cover it over with a similar piece of puff paste, and bake it in a moderate oven. Mince pies are none the worse for being warmed up, but pray take care they are sent to table hot. (Ca.s.sell.)


=MINERAL CHAME’LEON.= _Prep._ From a mixture of binoxide of manganese and and nitre, equal parts, heated to redness. It must be preserved in a well-corked bottle until required for use.

_Prop., &c._ When dissolved in water, its solution, at first green, spontaneously through all the coloured rays to the red, when, if be added, the colour retrogrades until it reaches the original green. The addition of oil of vitriol, or of chlorine, renders the solution colourless. The addition of a weak acid, or even boiling or agitating the liquid, turns it from green to red. See MANGANIC ACID.

=MIN’eRALISERS.= Substances which, by a.s.sociation with metallic bodies, deprive them of their usual properties, and impart to them the character of ores. Their removal belongs to metallurgy. The term ‘MINERALISED’ has been applied to caoutchouc, gutta percha, bitumen, &c., which has been combined with sulphur, silica, or metallic matter.

=MIN’IM.= _Syn._ MINIMUM, L. A measured drop, of which 60 are equal to a fluid drachm. The size of drops vary so greatly with different liquids and are also so much influenced by the size and shape of the vessels from which they are poured, that they afford no reliable measure of quant.i.ty for medicinal purposes. The poured drop has, in some cases, only 1/3rd the volume of the measured drop, or minim; whilst, in others, it is nearly 3 times as large. According to Mr Durande, “liquids which contain a small proportion of water, afford a small drop; while, on the contrary, liquids containing a large quant.i.ty of water furnish a large drop.” “Among liquids containing a large proportion of water, those which are not charged with remedial substances, give a larger and heavier drop than the same liquids when containing extraneous bodies in solution.” In all cases in which the word ‘drop’ is mentioned in this work a minim is intended, and the quant.i.ty should be determined by means of a graduated minim measure.


=MINT.= _Syn._ SPEARMINT, GREEN M.; MENTHA VIRIDIS (Ph. L.), L. “The recent and the dried flowering herb” of _Mentha viridis_. It is aromatic and carminative, but its flavour is less agreeable than that of peppermint. It is employed in flatulence, colic, nausea, diarrha, &c.; also to make sauce.



=MITH’RIDATE.= _Syn._ DAMOCRATE’S CONFECTION; MITHRIDATIUM, CONFECTIO DAMOCRATIS, L. “This composition originally consisted of but few ingredients; viz. 20 leaves of rue, 2 walnuts, 2 figs, and a little salt.

Of this we are informed that Mithridates took a dose every morning, to guard himself against the effects of poison. It was afterwards altered, and the number of the ingredients increased to sixty-one. In this more complex form it contained opium, and was, in effect, an aromatic opiate, of which the confection of opium of the present day may be considered as a simplification. The ‘mithridate’ is still prepared in some shops, and is occasionally, though very rarely, prescribed.” (Med. Lex.) “The formulae for CONFECTION or ELECTUARY OF CATECHU may be considered as the representatives, in our modern Pharmacopias, of the once celebrated recipes for CONFECTIO DAMOCRATIS and THERIACA ANDROMACHI.” (Redwood.) Mithridate was formerly conceived to be good for nearly every disease, and an antidote for every known poison.

=MIXTURE.= _Syn._ MISTURA, L. A compound liquid medicine, taken in divided doses. Mixtures are usually extemporaneous preparations, and in prescribing them care should be taken not to bring together substances that decompose each other, nor to order heavy powders, that speedily separate from the body of the liquid by subsidence. EMULSIONS, JULEPS, and MUCILAGES, are included in the ‘MISTURae’ of the London Pharmacopia.

Mixtures are usually dispensed in flat octagonal 6-or 8-oz. bottles, with long necks; or in regular ‘octagons’ with short necks, having the doses marked on the gla.s.s, to which the strength of the medicine is made to correspond.

Our remarks respecting ‘DRAUGHTS’ equally apply here. By putting the active ingredients of six draughts into a 6-oz. mixture bottle, and filling it up with distilled water, a mixture will be made of corresponding properties, of which the dose will be 2 table-spoonfuls.

When the formula for the draughts includes a decoction or infusion as the vehicle, instead of water, four of them only must be taken, which will then fill the 6-oz. bottle, and the proper dose will be 3 table-spoonfuls, or a small wine-gla.s.sful.

The following formulae embraces the whole of the ‘MISTURae’ of the British Pharmacopia, as well as a few others in general use. These will serve as examples for the like preparations of medicinals which are not included in the list. (See also DRAUGHT, EMULSION, JULEP, WATER, &c.)

=Mixture, Absor’bent.= See MIXTURE, ANTACID.

=Mixture, Aca’cia.= See MIXTURE, GUM.

=Mixture, Ace’tate of Ammo”nia.= _Syn._ MINDERERUS’S MIXTURE; MISTURA AMMONIae ACETATIS, L. _Prep._ From solution of acetate of ammonia, 1-1/2 fl. oz.; nitre, 40 gr.; camphor mixture, 6 fl. oz.; rose syrup, 1/2 fl.

oz.–_Dose_, 1 to 3 table-spoonfuls, every third or fourth hour, as a diaph.o.r.etic in inflammatory fevers, &c.

=Mixture of Acetic Acid.= _Syn._ MISTURA ACIDI ACETICI. _Prep._ Distilled vinegar, 2 fl. dr.; syrup, 4 fl. dr.; water, 2 fl. oz. A fourth part every three hours. For children with scarlatina.

=Mixture of Aconite.= (Mr Fleming.) _Syn._ MISTURA ACONITI. _Prep._ Tincture of aconite, 1 fl. dr.; carbonate of soda, 1-1/2 dr.; sulphate of magnesia, 1-1/2 oz.; water, 6 oz. A table-spoonful when the pain is urgent. In gastralgia this should only be administered under medical supervision or advice.

=Mixture, Al’kaline.= See MIXTURE, ANTACID.

=Mixture, Al’mond.= _Syn._ EMULSION OF ALMONDS, MILK OF A.; MISTURA AMYGDALae (B. P., Ph. L., E., & D.), LAC AMYGDALae, L. _Prep._ 1. (Ph. L.) Confection of almonds, 2-1/2 oz.; distilled water, 1 pint; gradually add the water to the confection while triturating, until they are mixed; then strain the liquid through linen.

2. (Ph. E.) From almond confection, 2 oz., and water, 1 quart; as the last. Or, from sweet almonds (blanched), 10 dr.; white sugar, 5 dr.; mucilage, 1/2 fl. oz. (or powdered gum, 3 dr.); made into an emulsion with water, 1 quart.


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