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Read Roget’s Thesaurus Part 111

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judgment, discernment &c. 465.

dilettantism, dilettanteism; virtu; fine art; culture, cultivation.

[Science of taste] aesthetics.

man of taste &c.; connoisseur, judge, critic, conoscente, virtuoso, amateur, dilettante, Aristarchus[obs3], Corinthian, arbiter elegantiarum[Lat], stagirite[obs3], euphemist.

“caviare to the general” [Hamlet].

V. appreciate, judge, criticise, discriminate &c. 465 Adj. in good taste, cute, tasteful, tasty; unaffected, pure, chaste, cla.s.sical, attic; cultivated, refined; dainty; esthetic, aesthetic, artistic; elegant &c 578; euphemistic.

to one’s taste, to one’s mind; after one’s fancy; comme il faut[Fr]; tire a quatre epingles[Fr].

Adv. elegantly &c. adj.

Phr. nihil tetigit quod non ornavit [Lat][from Johnson’s epitaph on Goldsmith]; chacun a son gout[Fr]; oculi pictura tenentur aures cantibus [Lat][Cicero].

#851. [Bad taste.] Vulgarity. — N. vulgarity, vulgarism; barbarism, Vandalism, Gothicism
!; mauvis gout[Fr], bad taste; gaucherie, awkwardness, want of tact; ill-breeding &c. (discourtesy) 895.

courseness &c. adj[obs3].; indecorum, misbehavior.

lowness, homeliness; low life, mauvais ton[Fr], rusticity; boorishness &c. adj.; brutality; rowdyism, blackguardism[obs3]; ribaldry; slang &c.

(neology) 563.

bad joke, mauvais plaisanterie[Fr].

[Excess of ornament] gaudiness, tawdriness; false ornament; finery, frippery, trickery, tinsel, gewgaw, clinquant[obs3]; baroque, rococo.

rough diamond, tomboy, hoyden, cub, unlicked cub[obs3]; clown &c.

(commonalty) 876; Goth, Vandal, Boeotian; sn.o.b, cad, gent; parvenu &c. 876; frump, dowdy; slattern &c. 653.

V. be vulgar &c. adj.; misbehave; talk shop, smell of the shop.

Adj. in bad taste vulgar, unrefined.

coa.r.s.e, indecorous, ribald, gross; unseemly, unbeseeming[obs3], unpresentable[obs3]; contra bonos mores[Lat]; ungraceful &c. (ugly) 846.

dowdy; slovenly &c. (dirty) 653; ungenteel, shabby genteel; low, common, hoi polloi[Grk] &c. (plebeian) 876; uncourtly[obs3]; uncivil &c.

(discourteous) 895; ill bred, ill mannered; underbred; ungentlemanly, ungentlemanlike; unladylike, unfeminine; wild, wild as an unbacked colt.

untutored, unschooled (ignorant) 491.

unkempt. uncombed, untamed, unlicked[obs3], unpolished, uncouth; plebeian; incondite[obs3]; heavy, rude, awkward; homely, homespun, home bred; provincial, countrified, rustic; boorish, clownish; savage, brutish, blackguard, rowdy, sn.o.bbish; barbarous, barbaric; Gothic, uncla.s.sical[obs3], doggerel, heathenish, tramontane, outlandish; uncultivated; Bohemian.

obsolete &c. (antiquated) 124; unfashionable; newfangled &c.

(unfamiliar) 83; odd &c. (ridiculous) 853.

particular; affected &c. 855; meretricious; extravagant, monstrous, horrid; shocking &c. (painful) 830.

gaudy, tawdry, overornamented, baroque, rococo; bedizened, tricked out, gingerbread; obtrusive.

#852. Fashion. — N. fashion, style, ton, bon ton
!, society; good society, polite society; monde[Fr]; drawing-room, civilized life, civilization, town, beau monde[Fr], high life, court; world; fashionable world, gay world; Vanity Fair; show &c. (ostentation) 822.

manners, breeding &c. (politeness) 894; air, demeanor &c. (appearance) 448; savoir faire[Fr]; gentlemanliness[obs3], gentility, decorum, propriety, biensance[Fr]; conventions of society; Mrs. Grundy; punctilio; form, formality; etiquette, point of etiquette; dress &c. 225.

custom &c. 613; mode, vogue, go; rage &c. (desire) 865; prevailing taste; fad, trend, bandwagon, furore[obs3], thing, in thing, craze, chic, last word.

man of fashion, woman of fashion, man of the world, woman of the world; height of fashion, pink of fashion, star of fashion, gla.s.s of fashion, leader of fashion; arbiter elegantiarum &c. (taste) 850[Lat]; the beautiful people, the fashion set, upper ten thousand &c. (n.o.bility) 875; elite &c. (distinction) 873; smart set; the four hundred [U.S.]; in crowd.

V. be fashionable &c. adj., be the rage &c. n.; have a run, pa.s.s current.

follow the fashion, conform to the fashion, fall in with the fashion, follow the trend, follow the crowd &c. n.; go with the stream &c.

(conform) 82; savoir vivre[Fr], savoir faire[Fr]; keep up appearances, behave oneself.

set the fashion, bring in the fashion; give a tone to society, cut a figure in society; keep one’s carriage.

Adj. fashionable; in fashion &c. n.; a la mode, comme il faut[Fr]; admitted in society, admissible in society &c. n.; presentable; conventional &c. (customary) 613; genteel; well-bred, well mannered, well behaved, well spoken; gentlemanlike[obs3], gentlemanly; ladylike; civil, polite &c. (courteous) 894.

polished, refined, thoroughbred, courtly; distingue[Fr]; unembarra.s.sed, degage[Fr]; janty[obs3], jaunty; dashing, fast.

modish, stylish, chic, trendy, recherche; newfangled &c. (unfamiliar) 83; all the rage, all the go
!; with it, in, faddish.

in court, in full dress, in evening dress; en grande tenue[Fr] &c.

(ornament) 847.

Adv. fashionably &c. adj.; for fashion’s sake.

Phr. a la francaise, a la parisienne; a l’ anglaise[Fr], a l’

americaine[Fr]; autre temps autre mauers[Fr]; chaque pays a sa guise[Fr].

#853. Ridiculousness. — N. ridiculousness &c. adj.; comicality, oddity &c. adj.; extravagance, drollery.

farce, comedy; burlesque &c. (ridicule) 856; buffoonery &c. (fun) 840; frippery; doggerel verses; absurdity &c. 497; bombast &c. (unmeaning) 517; anticlimax, bathos; eccentricity, monstrosity &c. (unconformity) 83; laughingstock &c. 857.

V. be ridiculous &c. adj.; pa.s.s from the sublime to the ridiculous; make one laugh; play the fool, make a fool of oneself, commit an absurdity.

Adj. ridiculous, ludicrous; comical; droll, funny, laughable, pour rire, grotesque, farcical, odd; whimsical, whimsical as a dancing bear; fanciful, fantastic, queer, rum, quizzical, quaint, bizarre; screaming; eccentric &c. (unconformable) 83; strange, outlandish, out of the way, baroque, weird; awkward &c. (ugly) 846.

extravagant, outre, monstrous, preposterous, bombastic, inflated, stilted, burlesque, mock heroic.

drollish; seriocomic, tragicomic; gimcrack, contemptible &c.

(unimportant) 643; doggerel; ironical &c. (derisive) 856; risible.

Phr. risum teneatis amici [Horace]; rideret Herac.l.i.tus; du sublime au ridicule il n’y a qu’un pas [Napoleon].

#854. Fop. — N. fop, fine gentleman; swell; dandy, dandiprat
!; exquisite, c.o.xcomb, beau, macaroni, blade, blood, buck, man about town, fast man; fribble, milliner
!; Jemmy Jessamy
!, carpet knight; masher, dude.

fine lady, coquette; flirt, vamp.

#855. Affectation. — N. affectation; affectedness &c. adj.; acting a part &c. v.; pretense &c. (falsehood) 544, (ostentation) 882; boasting &c.


charlatanism, quackery, shallow profundity; pretension, airs, pedantry, purism, precisianism, euphuism; teratology &c. (altiloquence) 577.

mannerism, simagree, grimace.

conceit, foppery, dandyism, man millinery, c.o.xcombry, puppyism.

stiffness, formality, buckram; prudery, demureness, coquetry, mock modesty, minauderie, sentimentalism; mauvais honte, false shame.

affector, performer, actor; pedant, pedagogue, doctrinaire, purist, euphuist, mannerist; grimacier; lump of affectation, precieuse ridicule[Fr], bas bleu[Fr], blue stocking, poetaster; prig; charlatan &c.

(deceiver) 548; pet.i.t maitre &c. (fop) 854; flatterer &c. 935; coquette, prude, puritan.

V. affect, act a part, put on; give oneself airs &c. (arrogance) 885; boast &c. 884; coquet; simper, mince, att.i.tudinize, pose; flirt a fan; overact, overdo.

Adj. affected, full of affectation, pretentious, pedantic, stilted, stagy, theatrical, big-sounding, ad captandum; canting, insincere.

not natural, unnatural; self-conscious; maniere; artificial; overwrought, overdone, overacted; euphuist &c. 577.

stiff, starch, formal, prim, smug, demure, tire a quatre epingles, quakerish, puritanical, prudish, pragmatical, priggish, conceited, c.o.xcomical, foppish, dandified; finical, finikin; mincing, simpering, namby-pamby, sentimental.

Phr. “conceit in weakest bodies strongest works” [Hamlet].

#856. Ridicule. — N. ridicule, derision; sardonic smile, sardonic grin; irrision[obs3]; scoffing &c. (disrespect) 929; mockery, quiz
!, banter, irony, persiflage, raillery, chaff, badinage; quizzing &c. v.; asteism[obs3].

squib, satire, skit, quip, quib[obs3], grin.

parody, burlesque, travesty, travestie[obs3]; farce &c. (drama) 599; caricature.

buffoonery &c. (fun) 840; practical joke; horseplay.

scorn, contempt &c. 930.

V. ridicule[transitive], deride, mock, taunt; sn.i.g.g.e.r; laugh in one’s sleeve; tease[ridicule lightly], badinage, banter, rally, chaff, joke, twit, quiz, roast; haze [U.S.]; tehee[obs3]; fleer[obs3]; show up.

[i.p.] play upon, play tricks upon; fool to the top of one’s bent; laugh at, grin at, smile at; poke fun at.

satirize, parody, caricature, burlesque, travesty.

turn into ridicule; make merry with; make fun of, make game of, make a fool of, make an April fool of[obs3]; rally; scoff &c. (disrespect) 929.

raise a laugh &c. (amuse) 840; play the fool, make a fool of oneself.

Adj. derisory, derisive; mock, mocking; sarcastic, ironic, ironical, quizzical, burlesque, Hudibrastic[obs3]; scurrilous &c. (disrespectful) 929.

Adv. in ridicule &c. n.

#857. [Object and cause of ridicule.] Laughingstock. — N.

laughingstock, jestingstock[obs3], gazingstock[obs3]; b.u.t.t, game, fair game; April fool &c. (dupe) 547[obs3].

original, oddity; queer fish, odd fish; quiz, square toes; old monkey, old fogey, fogey monkey, fogy monkey; buffoon &c. (jester) 844; pantomimist &c. (actor) 599.


jest &c. (wit) 842.

Phr. dum vitant stulti vitia in contraria currunt[Lat].


#858. Hope. — N. hope, hopes; desire &c. 865; fervent hope, sanguine expectation, trust, confidence, reliance; faith &c. (belief) 484; affiance, a.s.surance; secureness, security; rea.s.surance.


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